Advances in Physarum Machines
This book is devoted to Slime mould Physarumpolycephalum, which is a large single cell capable for distributed sensing,concurrent information processing, parallel computation and decentralizedactuation. The ease of culturing and experimenting with Physarum makes thisslime mould an ideal substrate for real-world implementations of unconventionalsensing and computing devices The book is a treatise of theoretical and experimentallaboratory studies on sensing and computing properties of slime mould, and onthe development of mathematical and logical theories of Physarum behavior. It is shown how to make logical gates and circuits,electronic devices (memristors, diodes, transistors, wires, chemical andtactile sensors) with the slime mould. The book demonstrates how to modifyproperties of Physarum computing circuits with functional nano-particles andpolymers, to interface the slime mould with field-programmable arrays, and touse Physarum as a controller of microbial fuel cells. A unique multi-agent model of slime is shown to servewell as a software slime mould capable for solving problems of computationalgeometry and graph optimization. The multiagent model is complemented bycellular automata models with parallel accelerations. Presented mathematical modelsinspired by Physarum include non-quantum implementation of Shor'sfactorization, structural learning, computation of shortest path tree ondynamic graphs, supply chain network design, p-adic computing and syllogisticreasoning. The book is a unique composition of vibrant andlavishly illustrated essays which will inspire scientists, engineers andartists to exploit natural phenomena in designs of future and emergentcomputing and sensing devices. It is a 'bible' of experimental computing withspatially extended living substrates, it spanstopics from biology of slime mould, to bio-sensing, tounconventional computing devices and robotics, non-classical logics and music and arts.
- 2016 Springer
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