"GEnron?" Markopolos versus General Electric (A)
In August 2019, Harry Markopolos-the forensic accountant known for uncovering Bernie Madoff's Ponzi scheme-alleged that General Electric had committed accounting fraud totaling $38 billion, coining the term "GEnron" for perceived similarities with the 2001 accounting fraud at Enron that brought down that company and its auditor. Specifically, Markopolos claimed, GE would need to generate $29 billion in reserves against its insurance obligations, and restate its financials to recognize $9 billion in unreported losses on an oil subsidiary. Though GE management rejected these assertions, repeated writedowns and restatements of GE's performance since 2017 had made investors wary. They now scrambled to assess the merits of Markopolos's claims.
- 2021 HBS
Choosing a Book Format
EPUB is the standard publishing format used by many e-book readers including iBooks, Easy Reader, VoiceDream Reader, etc. This is the most popular and widely used format.
DAISY format is used by GoRead, Read2Go and most Kurzweil devices.
Audio (MP3) format is used by audio only devices, such as iPod.
Braille format is used by Braille output devices.
DAISY Audio format works on DAISY compatible players such as Victor Reader Stream.
Accessible Word format can be unzipped and opened in any tool that supports .docx files.