Inorganic Scintillators for Detector Systems
Thelasttwodecadeshaveseenaspectacularincreaseofinterestforinorganic scintillators. Thishasbeentoalargepartaconsequenceofthevisibilitygiven to this ?eld by several large crystal-based detectors in particle physics. To answer the very challenging requirements for these experiments (huge data rates, linearity of response over a large dynamic range, harsh radiation en- ronment, impressive crystal quantities to be produced in a short time period andatana'ordablecost, etc. . . )ane'ortofcoordination was needed. S- eral groups of experts working in di'erent aspects of material science have combinedtheire'ortsininternationalandmultidisciplinarycollaborationsto better understand the fundamental mechanisms underlying the scintillation processanditse'ciency. Similarly, thestabilityofthescintillationproperties andtheroleofcolorcentershasbeenextensivelystudiedtodevelop radiation hard scintillators. Dedicated conferences on inorganic scintillators have seen an increasing participation from di'erent communities of users outside the domain of high-energy physics. This includes nuclear physics, astrophysics, security systems, industrial applications, and medical imaging. This last - main in particular is growing very fast since a few years at the point that the volume of scintillating crystals to be produced for positron emission tom- raphy (PET) is going to exceed the one for high-energy physics. As more and more crystal producers are also attending these conferences, a very fruitful synergy was progressively built up among scienti'c experts, technologists, and end users. This aspect of a multidisciplinary collaboration is essential to helppeopledesignandbuilddetectorsofever-increasingperformancethrough the choice, optimization or development of the best scintillator, and a th- ough investigation of the technologies to produce the crystals of the highest quality.
- Derechos de autor:
- 2006 Springer
Choosing a Book Format
EPUB is the standard publishing format used by many e-book readers including iBooks, Easy Reader, VoiceDream Reader, etc. This is the most popular and widely used format.
Audio DAISY format is used by GoRead, Read2Go and most Kurzweil devices.
Audio (MP3) format is used by audio only devices, such as iPod.
Braille format is used by Braille output devices.
DAISY Audio format works on DAISY compatible players such as Victor Reader Stream.
Accessible Word format can be unzipped and opened in any tool that supports .docx files.